Volume 27 (2016) / Issue 3
Despite the fact that there has only been limited harmonisation of the rules on groups of companies in the EU, the Court of Justice of the European Union has often had to rule on cases involving groups of companies. The Court must make such rulings when considering how to treat groups of companies under Union law, including whether to treat a group as a single enterprise or as several companies. This article analyses the Court’s approach to groups in various areas of Union law with a view to establishing when a group will be treated as a single enterprise. The Court has also had to consider whether national rules on groups of companies comply with the fundamental Treaty rules on freedom of movement. The latter part of this article analyses how the Court can be expected to examine whether national rules on groups discriminate against or impose restrictions on cross-border groups of companies.
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