Volume 18 (2012) / Issue 2
The Article concerns the 1921 Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Georgia. Soon after the adoption of the constitution, Georgia was occupied by Russia and the Constitution was suspended. During Soviet rule, analysis and evaluation of the Constitution were taboo and only minor works on the constitution by foreign and Georgian authors working abroad have been preserved. The 1921 Constitution can unquestionably be considered as one of the most advanced and perfect supreme legislative acts oriented towards human rights in the world for its time that is, the beginning of the twentieth century. The author argues that it reflects the most progressive legal and political discourse in practice or theory at that time in Western European countries or the USA. As the main law of an independent democratic state, it established representative democracy as well as the system of democratic governance based on popular sovereignty by ensuring an independent judicial system.
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