Volume 56 (2019)

Volume 56 (2019) / Issue 6

Marco Bronckers, Giovanni Gruni, 'Taking the enforcement of labour standards in the EU’s free trade agreements seriously' (2019) 56 Common Market Law Review, Issue 6, pp. 1591–1622


The EU is extremely active in negotiating bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) with preferred trading partners (such as Canada, Colombia, Japan, Korea, Mercosur, Mexico, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam). All these FTAs contain a sustainability chapter, also covering labour standards. They lack sanctions, however, and their enforcement has proven to be weak. In response to increasing calls notably from the European Parliament and civil society, the incoming von der Leyen Commission has promised improvements. This article sets forth a four-pronged proposal: tightening up the standards, upgrading an existing private complaints procedure in the EU as well as FTA dispute settlement, while introducing various sanctions.

Copyright © 2019 Kluwer Law International
All rights reserved

ISSN: 0165-0750
ID: COLA2019126